Fourth industrial revolution will come. At least that is the view of many business and government leaders in Germany, they used industrial concept 4.0 new approach to manufacturing. In the third industrial revolution, the information technology is the key driving force. Internet is the future trend will be closely integrated with the manufacturing industry in the 21st century ubiquitous Internet platform and other advanced computer technology will promote the development of the manufacturing sector, we often say bring “smart factory.”
Technology and IT manufacturing industry is the convergence objective 4.0 of the German government to promote a number of projects to develop the computerized production concept. After the reunification of Germany, awake become a powerful industry force. At the same time, intelligent plant is an important step towards decentralized. Physical entity data obtained by means of the sensor. Smart plant will also use the Global can get the data, which must be analyzed and stored. Networking through digital communications technology, and the real world by the human operator or robot to achieve.
Target is based on the intelligent factory to end customers, in a particular manner to provide customized services. Only through the weaker sectors of the network to cooperate with each other in order to make this service a success financially.
Industry 4.0 era intelligent plant manufacturers will change the competitive trends
This is what kind of computing technology?
In the near future, the use of data and expertise to create value, will be the core of the business model. Our challenge is how to collect large amounts of data from the automatic generation of information and knowledge available and very economical to manage large amounts of data.
Internet of Things (IoT) platform is the backbone of many new business models, providing near real-time communication, and high transparency of transactions.
The so-called “network – Physical Production System” (CPPS) will be a key intelligence facility. There are three corresponding levels: at the application level, access to information from production control and operations. Platform level is responsible for the integration of various IT services. Finally, the level of components provides sensors, actuators, machines, orders, employees and products. The combination of all these dimensions together, there is a digital manufacturing, integrating socio-economic needs with advanced technological capabilities.
Overall, intelligent plant manufacturers will be how to change the competitive trends?
Manufacturers must be more flexible and pluralistic. They must give up control. Complex systems like this can not completely control, because intelligent machines, orders, and tools to make decisions based on dynamic data. Sometimes people can not understand its internal decision-making reasons. People have to realize this, to know how to control the outcome.
It must be co-ordination between the enterprise and competitors – and this is new. The reason must be, because individualized, personalized production through the use of multi-platform production organization: customers, suppliers, service providers and so on. This new business ecosystem will correlate the entire production process.
Company’s products will be a transfer of information and expertise in the media. The relationship between the product and the user will become transparent, which brought new opportunities. To take advantage of this opportunity, companies must understand the logic of this new business, establish cooperative business model, even if the competition is still there. This will bring huge economic potential savings.
In addition, the height with customers, suppliers and partners is very important, far beyond the purely trading relationship. In an ideal scenario, consumers are also included in the production process, it will bring additional value. As a result, consumers are liable for part of the cost arising from the complexity. In the process, consumers will bring important data, companies can use this as the basis to create additional services, directly or indirectly, in order to carry out the business.
This trend, what kind of impact the automobile manufacturing industry?
19th century industrial efficiency pioneer Frederick Taylor (Editor’s note: Frederick Taylor (1856-1915) is the “father of scientific management” USA, as president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and a professor at Harvard University, to promote the scientific standardized management, its thinking in the United States and Europe, far-reaching.) some of the principles established by the now inevitably come to an end. Fixed period of production and assembly lines will be replaced by a modular mobile workstations. For example, for automobile manufacturing, this means the body through an automated guidance device is moved to a smart machine, the machine can communicate in real time via the Internet or WIFI. Machine “told the” body parts that he is ready for production. Thus, the auto industry will once again be changed.
Many people Industry 4.0 is described as the fourth industrial revolution. This is also related to the new requirements of the automotive industry. For many new types of devices, the demand on the rise, especially personal needs. While in the previous three industrial revolution, higher productivity is always the goal, but now, the production of flexible, customized to meet the requirements of higher priority.
In this new environment, the role of factory workers, what is it, they have the role of it?
People will still be the center of production of manufacturing. Staff in some areas may be less, such as marketing, order processing and management. But the factory will always need workers. Workers will be freed from the tedious task, if the manufacturing process is a symphony, then the workers would be conductor. With the help of smart IT tools, they will focus on the decision-making and control production. Workers must acquire new skills in IT and other areas.
We have to spend more effort to integrate its existing IT technology and flexible, seamlessly connect into the smart plant infrastructure, plant infrastructure is a worker-centered, data-driven. In addition, we will increasingly use multi-mode interactive interface.
In the smart factory, the new tool will bring strength to the shop floor workers. By using a flexible plant infrastructure to integrate multiple building modules, one can focus on workers’ needs, expectations and requirements, supported by organizational level strategy and change management in order to achieve progress.
In the fourth industrial revolution, powerful robots will support workers. These robots can be just a few minutes to perform a new routine process, and tell employees what steps need to be implemented. The robot can continue to work non-stop, for the plant, whether it is working day and what time work, spend the cost is the same.
To make this concept a reality, what is the biggest challenge, including technical and cultural challenges?
The most important challenge is ubiquitous fast Internet infrastructure and network – the standard interface of the physical system. For large data applications manufacturing platform, we need security and protection, so that people in the industry will trust this new networking technology and industry connected to the Internet – Industry 4.0.
Potential for sustainable economic development has been in front of us. It has been able to convince the industry to explore new territory, the use of appropriate investment and flexibility, along with the fourth industrial revolution forward. This is the only way the state can maintain the international competitiveness and sustainable development.